Venus is the second planet from the sun and the hottest planet in our solar system. It is referred to as the morning and evening star and is the second brightest natural object in the night sky after the moon. Venus orbits the Sun every 224.7 Earth days with a rotation period of 243 Earth days.
Mass: 4.8675×10^24 kg
Radius: 6,051.8 Km
Density: 5.243 g/cm^3
Escape Velocity: 10.36 km/sec
Gravity: 8.87 m/s^2 (0.904 X Earth)
Distance from Sun: 108.5 million km (6.03 light minutes)
Venus was the first planet beyond Earth visited by a spacecraft (Mariner 2 in 1962), and the first to be successfully landed on (by Venera 7 in 1970). It is similar to Earth in size and mass, and is often described as Earth’s “sister” or “twin”. The diameter of Venus is 12,103.6 km (7,520.8 mi)—only 638.4 km (396.7 mi) less than Earth’s—and its mass is 81.5% of Earth’s.
Venus has an extremely dense atmosphere composed of 96.5% carbon dioxide, 3.5% nitrogen, and traces of other gases including sulphur dioxide. The atmosphere pressure here is 92 times higher than that of earth. The Carbon dioxide-rich atmosphere generates the strongest greenhouse effect in the Solar System, creating surface temperatures of at least 462 °C.
Bonus Fact : Sun rises in the west and sets in the East here. Only planet in the solar system which rotates from East to west