Saturn – God’s Own Planet

Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter. Saturn is 95 times more massive than earth but has the lowest density of all the planets in the Solar system.

Mass: 5.683 ×10^26 kg

Radius: 60,268 Km

Density: 0.687 g/cm^3

Escape Velocity: 35.5 km/sec

Gravity: 10.44 m/s^2

Distance from Sun: 1.4957 billion km (83.15 light minutes)

Saturn’s interior is most likely composed of a core of iron–nickel and rock (silicon and oxygen compounds). Its core is surrounded by a deep layer of metallic hydrogen, an intermediate layer of liquid hydrogen and liquid helium, and finally a gaseous outer layer.

It has 82 moons of which 53 are officially named; this does not include the hundreds of moonlets in its rings. Titan, Saturn’s largest moon, and the second-largest in the Solar System, is larger than the planet Mercury, although less massive, and is the only moon in the Solar System to have a substantial atmosphere.

With an average orbital speed of 9.68 km/s, it takes Saturn 10,759 Earth days (or about ​29 1⁄2 years) to finish one revolution around the Sun. It takes 10.2 hours to rotate on its axis.

The temperature of Saturn’s upper atmosphere is on average about -175C (-285F), quite cold for a gas giant, while below the clouds it gets considerably hotter making its core to burn at around 11,700C

Bonus Fact : The ring system of Saturn can extend up to 282,000 km / 175,000 mi from the planet. The rings of Saturn together with the planet itself can fit in the distance between the Earth and the Moon